|     61 zenbakia, 1983ko iraila [faksimilea PDF formatuan]





        Euripides, the last tragedy writer, tragic among the tragic for Aristotie, wrote «The Trojans» in 415 BC. In this play, as in most of his works written during the Peloponessus wars (431404), he analyses the direful consequences of war. Thus, he presents the cruelty of the winners as been equaled to that of the losers and the depressive effect it has on both sides, leaving aside no one.

        The proud Athens had just destroyed, violently, the tiny island of Milos (415) because its inhabitants had refused to become its vassals. Euripides makes use of this situation as a framework in which to present the destiny of Troja and its women to cry out against the violence of war.

        The women of Ilion, who with their queen became slaves and concubines of the conquerors, give us a critical view of the gods' wantonness, for which they are in danger to lose their faith. The extreme situation they are in will be used by Euripides to analyze thoroughly their inner world, with their individualities and passions, through which, he awakens the spectators concern. Everything is put into question following the analytical model of the sophists of the time led always by the hand of Euripides' genious.